According to Expertise Theory 1, mastering learning in a given domain can take many, many hours so it makes sense for students to use the most effective practice strategies. Researchers in cognitive psychology have identified spaced retrieval practice 2,3 as top of the list for creating durable learning. I'm Nicola Carr-White and my research Masters of Education focused on applying spaced, retrieval and interleaving research to the process used by Mastery Learning Folders.

Mastery Learning Folders ... for lessons worth remembering.


A Mastery Learning Folder is a tool that facilitates individualised and systematic practice to facilitate the movement of learning into long-term memory. Content can include a range of memory objectives from crucial basic facts to higher order complex understandings4. Mastery Learning Folders are used in a variety of contexts including primary and secondary schools, TAFE  and university, and as a tool to support tutoring and speech pathology services. A free Flashcard Club supports foundational junior primary learning.

Every lesson should be one to remember, so I invite you to click on your context below or Schedule-A-Chat to discuss how Mastery Learning Folders can assist you to facilitate durable learning.



Spaced retrieval practice is one of several cognitive psychology based learning strategies used within the Mastery Learning Folder process. Others include interleaved practice, elaboration and strategies for metacognitive development which assist students to regulate and monitor their own learning.


1 Ericsson, A., & Pool, R. (2016). Peak: How all of us can achieve extraordinary things. Random House.
2 Dunlosky, J., Rawson, K. A., Marsh, E. J., Nathan, M. J., & Willingham, D. T. (2013). Improving students’ learning with effective learning techniques: Promising directions from cognitive and educational psychology. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 14(1), 4-58.
3 Centennial College. (2020, May 13). Spaced Retrieval [Video]. You Tube. https://youtu.be/PfQuuA_GbGE
Agarwal, P. K., & Bain, P. M. (2019). Powerful teaching: Unleash the science of learning. Jossey-Bass. 

“To date, more than 300 experiments in more than 150 articles dating back more than 100 years (Abbott, 1909) have shown that practice tests that require recall of target information from memory (i.e., retrieval practice) improve memory” (Rawson & Dunlosky, 2011, p. 283).